OKN’s Indigenous Reconciliation initiative considers Truth and Reconciliation as two distinct entities, as illustrated above. Learn more about this graphic in our Indigenous Reconciliation Strategy.

Children spend a great deal of their first 8 years learning in schools, thus, how schools connect to their community is important. Progress in this area will show good connections between schools, parents, community resources and the local neighbourhood.

  • Parental involvement in schools
  • Youth as resources
  • Volunteerism
  • Community use of schools
Children thrive in neighbourhoods that are safe and connected. Neighbourhoods that can meet all of our needs are valued.

  • Neighbourhood safety
  • Neighbourhood cohesion
  • Walkability
  • Caring for the community
Safe environments benefit children by providing a sense of personal security that allows them to take maximum advantage of learning, playing and making new friendships.

  • Child care capacity
  • Quality child care
  • Parenting capacity
  • Parental monitoring
  • Quality time at home with family
Safe environments benefit children by providing a sense of personal security that allows them to take maximum advantage of learning, playing and making new friendships.

  • Serious injury
  • At-risk behaviours
  • Safety from harm
All children need positive connections to their parents/caregivers, peers, school and community.

  • Supportive and caring environments
  • Boundaries and expectations
  • Commitment to learning
  • Positive values
  • Social competencies

Learning is one of the cornerstones for success in life and starts at birth. Community progress for this result will show that children are learning both in their preschool and school years.

  • Preschool learning opportunities
  • Student achievement (EQAO)
  • Healthy body weight
  • School engagement

Good health is a prerequisite for positive outcomes for children and youth. Both physical and emotional health are valued in this result. In addition, given the critical brain development that takes place in the first 12 months of life, infant health is closely monitored.

  • At-risk births
  • Healthy eating
  • Healthy body weight
  • Physical activity
  • Mental health

Population and Performance Accountability: There is a Difference

RBA makes an important distinction between population and performance accountability. In population accountability, the entire community, including the public and private sectors shares responsibility for achieving the conditions of well-being for children and families. Performance accountability, by comparison, is held at a program, agency or service level and determines whether the clients or customers of the program or service are better off. This distinction ensures that appropriate responsibility is attached to programs and services and avoids the expectation that one single program can produce large population level results.

Under the RBA framework, Our Kids Network identified seven population results and three performance results.

Population Results (known as the Halton 7):

  1. Children are healthy
  2. Children are learning
  3. Children are positively connected
  4. Children are safe
  5. Families are strong and stable
  6. Schools are connected to the community
  7. Neighbourhoods are where we live, work and play

Performance Results:

  1. Building towards service integration
  2. Supporting children, youth, and families through neighbourhood Hubs
  3. Turning research into action

RBA workbook


Resources on Results-Based Accountability provided by The Fiscal Policy Studies Institute (FPSI) and Mark Friedman.

OKN organization graphic